RISK FACTORS for Coronary Heart Disease

There are a number of risk factors for coronary heart disease that can determine our likelihood for the premature development of coronary artery disease. Some risk factors such as age, gender and heredity factors are outside our control. However, there are a number of primary risk factors (those which have been proven to be strongly linked with coronary artery disease, such as smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity and increased cholesterol levels) which are very much within our control. By modifying our behaviour, and making adjustments to our lifestyle choices, we can have a very positive impact on our likelihood of developing this disease, or even controlling our symptoms and future prognosis by taking appropriate action.

Risk Factors within our control:

  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercholesterolaemia
  • High LDL cholesterol (bad fats)
  • Low HDL cholesterol (good fats)
  • High Triglycerides
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes (particularly Type II adult onset diabetes)
  • Stress
  • Alcohol consumption

Risk factors outside our control:

  • Heredity
  • Male Gender
  • Advancing age